What is the Apache Software Foundation?
"The Apache Software Foundation provides organizational, legal, and financial support for a broad range of open source software projects. The Foundation provides an established framework for intellectual property and financial contributions that simultaneously limits contributors potential legal exposure. Through a collaborative and meritocratic development process, Apache projects deliver enterprise-grade, freely available software products that attract large communities of users. The pragmatic Apache License makes it easy for all users, commercial and individual, to deploy Apache products.
Formerly known as the Apache Group, the Foundation has been incorporated as a membership-based, not-for-profit corporation in order to ensure that the Apache projects continue to exist beyond the participation of individual volunteers. Individuals who have demonstrated a commitment to collaborative open-source software development, through sustained participation and contributions within the Foundation's projects, are eligible for membership in the ASF. An individual is awarded membership after nomination and approval by a majority of the existing ASF members. Thus, the ASF is governed by the community it most directly serves -- the people collaborating within its projects.
What is a Committer?
A committer is an individual who was given write access to one or more of the codebases hosted by the ASF. A useful link for new committers is the committer FAQ.
What is a Primary Members Committee?
A Project Management Committee (PMC) is responsible to the board for the proper management of an Apache project. The PMC is the vehicle through which decision making power and responsibility for oversight is devolved to developers. A useful link for new PMC members is the PMC FAQ.
Apache Local Mentors Program:
The following is from my post regarding my participation in the Apache local mentor program. I've since given a pair of talks at Memorial University to Computer Science students as part of their software methodology course (Fall 2010, and Winter 2011).